How to Sharpen A Knife with A Stone: A Comprehensive Guide

If you are confusing of how to sharpen your knives with a stone, you are in the right place.

Easiest 6 steps to Sharpen a knife

1. Swipe the knife in arcs across the stone

When you have the right sharpening angle and your stone is securely on top on a damp cloth, swipe the knife down across your sharpening stone

Make sure to draw the whole blade starting from the heel to its tip so that it is sharpened evenly.

Repeat this process as many times as you want on one side until it is sharp before turning the blade to sharpen the opposite side. The number of times you repeat the sharpening stripes will depend on the dullness of the blade.

For evenness, make sure to repeat the same number of times on either side of the blade.

2. Flip the blade and sharpen the other side

Turn the blade to sharpen the other side. Hold it on the right sharpening angle and repeat the process above. Sharpen the blade from heel to the tip.

Repeat the two steps until the blade feels sharp against the skin when you touch it.

3. Sharpen the knife from tip to heel

Cutting involves moving a knife back and forth in a push and pull motion. Therefore, it is important to sharpen the knife in both directions.

Hold the knife upwards with the blade facing away from you but hold the handle downwards. Repeat the steps 1 and 2 above.

4. Flip the stone to the finer grit

It is important to sharpen the knife on both the coarse and the finer grit sides of the stone for a smooth finish. Flip the stone and repeat the sharpening steps 1,2, and 3 on the finer grit.

5. Testing the knife

Once you have completed the sharpening process, you need to test the sharpness of your knife.

To test your knife, you can feel the blade with your fingers for the sharpness and smoothness of its edges. If the edges are not smooth enough, you may need to use the fine grit to smoothen them.

You can also hold the knife between a paper and slice through it. If your knife is sharp enough it will cut through the paper with ease. If it does not cut through easily, you may need to sharpen it more.

Step 6. Cleaning

When you are satisfied with the sharpness of your knife, you need to clean both the knife and the stone. Wash the knife well to remove the metal flecks, dry it well, and store it in a knife bag, a knife block or in a magnetic strip.

You will also need to clean your stone before storing. For a water stone, rinse it under running water and wipe it dry with a cloth. For an oil stone, wiping it may be enough but you need to scrub it occasionally to keep it clean.

Occasionally, you may need to clean your stone(s) thoroughly to remove dirt build-up.


Sharpening knives may be a difficult routine. You may not know where and how to start. Our guide provides you with the steps of accomplishing the process easily.

It guides you through picking the right stones, finding the right sharpening angle, sharpening the knife, and cleaning it.

Sharpen your knives properly, follow the right procedure and you will have a beautiful and effective cutting experience.

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